In today’s world, climate change has begun to impact life on earth. Climate change is a geographical issue that takes place when the overall temperature of the planet rises. The effect is caused by pollution and emission of greenhouse gasses like Carbon Dioxide. The increase in greenhouse gas production causes heat to be trapped in the atmosphere, raising the temperature around the earth. Combating climate change is an initiative that every government and society around the world, tries to achieve, constantly. The efforts include devices and strategies that are designed by organizations to help the environment.
Removing CO2 from the Atmosphere by increasing Phytoplankton and Iron
This strategy involves using the process of photosynthesis, specifically in the synthesis of phytoplankton. Photosynthesis is the processing of carbon dioxide to make oxygen and energy. Single-celled organisms such as phytoplankton are available in the ocean where they are spread throughout, the surface of the water. This strategy aims to increase the iron content in oceans. Increasing the iron means that there will be an abundance of phytoplankton. If there is enough phytoplankton, then there is less CO2 in the atmosphere. A simple yet, effective strategy.
Instead of using carbon from the earth and increasing climate change, filtration of the carbon from the atmosphere and using it for daily use, is one way to look at a solution. Climeworks, an innovative technology company, has recently created a device called Direct Air Capture; a method that utilizes massive fans to capture CO2. Although it doesn’t permanently destroy carbon, it reduces the creation of excessive pollutants and reduces emissions as well. More permanent fixes are available that Climeworks has invented. Their research and development plant is situated in Iceland where they have discovered ways to solidify CO2 into stones and store them away for millions of years. Indeed, an innovative company with a purpose to save the earth.
As the polar opposite of deforestation, afforestation focuses on planting trees in abundance instead of cutting them down. Trees are known to draw energy from sunlight and CO2, which helps in creating Oxygen. This naturally occurring process is called photosynthesis. Although it seems like a simple strategy, it is quite complicated, when used in a lab. Scientists say that the number of trees that would need to be planted cross exponential amounts, and a forest space that is the same area as Canada would be required. The planting of millions of trees may take a long time depending on the climatic conditions. However, the benefit and likelihood of replenishing oxygen in the atmosphere are worth the effort.
It may seem like an unusual tactic, but ‘Albedo’ is the brightening of everything on the earth and the atmosphere. ‘Albedo’ is Latin for the amount of sunlight a planet reflects rather than absorbs. Due to the amount of sunlight reflected by white surfaces, scientists have decided that whitening the clouds can be used to cool the planet. By using planes and releasing salt water into the clouds, the clouds can become bigger and a lot whiter which in turn would reflect sunlight. Another initiative that can help with ‘Albedo’ is the painting of buildings and surfaces in white. Reflective plating can also be used in deserts.